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57、Bootstrap中文文档

2017-10-10 20:01 本站整理 浏览(21)

给大家介绍一个前端框架让你从此写起前端代码与之先前相比如有神助般的效果拉就是Bootstrap.

一、Bootstrap的下载

Bootstrap,由Twitter的设计师Mark Otto和Jacob Thornton合作开发,是目前最受欢迎的前端框架。Bootstrap 是基于 HTML、CSS、JAVASCRIPT 的,它简洁灵活,使得 Web 开发更加快捷。(当前版本: v3.3.7)

网址:http://v3.bootcss.com/

1、过程分解

1) 点击"下载Bootstrap"

2)第一个"下载Bootstrap"

3)下载到html需要使用框架的目录

4)解压


二、css样式的使用

1、引用

<link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css">

2、查询需要样式代码

在"全局CSS样式"和"组件"里查找

1)全局CSS样式:

2)组件

3、代码举例(部分示例有兴趣的可以详细了解):

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>示例1</title>
    <!--引用本地的-->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7-dist/css/bootstrap.min.css">
    <!--<link rel="stylesheet" href="my-style.css">-->
    <!--引用CDN-->
    <!--<link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">-->
    <style>
        .c1 {
            background-color: red;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>

<div class="container-fluid c1">
    <table class="table table-bordered table-striped table-hover">
        <thead>
        <tr>
            <th>#</th>
            <th> 姓名</th>
            <th>爱好</th>
        </tr>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
        <tr class="active">
            <td>1</td>
            <td>Egon</td>
            <td>杠娘</td>
        </tr>
        <tr class="success">
            <td>1</td>
            <td>Egon</td>
            <td>杠娘</td>
        </tr>
        <tr class="danger">
            <td>1</td>
            <td>Egon</td>
            <td>杠娘</td>
        </tr>
        <tr class="warning">
            <td>1</td>
            <td>Egon</td>
            <td>杠娘</td>
        </tr>
        <tr class="info">
            <td>1</td>
            <td>Egon</td>
            <td>杠娘</td>
        </tr>
        </tbody>
    </table>
</div>
</body>
</html>
Bootstrap_示例
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>栅格示例</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7-dist/css/bootstrap.min.css">
    <style>
        .c1 {
            background-color: red;
            height: 30px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
<!--放容器-->
<div class="container-fluid">
    <!--f行-->
    <div class="row">
        <!--列-->
        <div class="col-md-1 c1"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="row"></div>
    <div class="row"></div>
    <div class="row"></div>
    <div class="row"></div>
    <div class="row"></div>
</div>
</body>
</html>
Bootstrap_栅格示例
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>标题示例</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7-dist/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
    <h1>一级标题</h1>
    <h2>二级标题</h2>
    <h3>三级标题</h3>
    <h4>四级标题</h4>
    <h5>五级标题</h5>
    <h6>六级标题</h6>
    <hr>
    <div class="h1">1级标题 36px <small>我是小字儿</small></div>
    <div class="h2">2级标题 30px</div>
    <div class="h3">3级标题 24px</div>
    <div class="h4">4级标题 18px</div>
    <div class="h5">5级标题 14px</div>
    <div class="h6">6级标题 12px</div>

    <p>啊,大海啊,大海啊,大海啊,大海啊,大海啊,大海啊,大海啊,大海</p>
    <p class="lead">全是水
        <mark>全是水</mark>全是水全是水全是水
        <del>全是水全是水全是水全是水</del></p>
</div>
</body>
</html>
Bootstrap_标题,文字示例
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>文本对齐</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7-dist/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
    <p class="text-left">左对齐.</p>
    <p class="text-center">居中.</p>
    <p class="text-right">右对齐.</p>

    <p class="text-justify">两端对齐.</p>
    <p class="text-justify">a dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia a dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia d                    a         h  ai d ou    s       hi shuia                                  dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuidahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shui </p>
    <p class="text-nowrap">a dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia a dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia d                    a         h  ai d ou    s       hi shuia                                  dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shuidahai doushi shuia dahai doushi shui </p>

    <p class="text-nowrap">没有换行.</p>
</div>
</body>
</html>
Bootstrap_文本对齐
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>列表</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7-dist/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
    <ul class="list-unstyled">
        <li>GDP</li>
        <li>翔哥</li>
        <li>强哥</li>
    </ul>

    <!--内联列表-->
    <ul class="list-inline">
        <li>Python学院</li>
        <li>Linux学院</li>
    </ul>

    <!--描述-->
    <dl>
        <dt>Egon</dt>
        <dd>被Python耽误的相声演员</dd>
    </dl>

    <!--代码-->
    <!--<  > &nbsp-->
    <code>&lt;div&gt;</code>

    <!--代码片段-->
    <pre>&lt;p&gt;我是P标签的内容&lt;/p&gt;</pre>
    <pre>print("Hello world")</pre>

    <!--程序输出-->
    <samp>Hello world</samp>
</div>
</body>
</html>
Bootstrap_列表示例
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>表单示例</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7-dist/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>

<div class="container">

    <div class="row">
        <!--col-md-offset-2 偏移-->
        <!--pull-right  pull-left-->
        <div class="col-md-6 pull-right">
            <form>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="exampleInputEmail1">Email address</label>
                    <input type="email" class="form-control" id="exampleInputEmail1" placeholder="Email">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="exampleInputPassword1">Password</label>
                    <input type="password" class="form-control" id="exampleInputPassword1" placeholder="Password">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="exampleInputFile">File input</label>
                    <input type="file" id="exampleInputFile">
                    <p class="help-block">Example block-level help text here.</p>
                </div>
                <div class="checkbox">
                    <label>
                        <input type="checkbox"> Check me out
                    </label>
                </div>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">Submit</button>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>

    <div class="row">
        <div class="">
            <form class="form-inline">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="exampleInputName2">Name</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="exampleInputName2" placeholder="Jane Doe">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="exampleInputEmail2">Email</label>
                    <input type="email" class="form-control" id="exampleInputEmail2" placeholder="jane.doe@example.com">
                </div>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">Send invitation</button>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>

    <div class="row">
        <div>
            <form class="form-inline">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label class="sr-only" for="exampleInputAmount">Amount (in dollars)</label>
                    <div class="input-group">
                        <div class="input-group-addon">¥</div>
                        <input type="text" class="form-control" id="exampleInputAmount" placeholder="Amount">
                        <div class="input-group-addon">*</div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Transfer cash</button>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>

</div>
</body>
</html>
Bootstrap_表单
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>表单示例</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7-dist/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>

<div class="container">

    <div class="row">
        <!--col-md-offset-2 偏移-->
        <!--pull-right  pull-left-->
        <div class="col-md-6 pull-right">
            <form>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="exampleInputEmail1">Email address</label>
                    <input type="email" class="form-control" id="exampleInputEmail1" placeholder="Email">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="exampleInputPassword1">Password</label>
                    <input type="password" class="form-control" id="exampleInputPassword1" placeholder="Password">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="exampleInputFile">File input</label>
                    <input type="file" id="exampleInputFile">
                    <p class="help-block">Example block-level help text here.</p>
                </div>
                <div class="checkbox">
                    <label>
                        <input type="checkbox"> Check me out
                    </label>
                </div>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">Submit</button>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>

    <div class="row">
        <div class="">
            <form class="form-inline">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="exampleInputName2">Name</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="exampleInputName2" placeholder="Jane Doe">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="exampleInputEmail2">Email</label>
                    <input type="email" class="form-control" id="exampleInputEmail2" placeholder="jane.doe@example.com">
                </div>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">Send invitation</button>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>

    <div class="row">
        <div>
            <form class="form-inline">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label class="sr-only" for="exampleInputAmount">Amount (in dollars)</label>
                    <div class="input-group">
                        <div class="input-group-addon">¥</div>
                        <input type="text" class="form-control" id="exampleInputAmount" placeholder="Amount">
                        <div class="input-group-addon">*</div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Transfer cash</button>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>

</div>
</body>
</html>
Bootstrap_下拉框
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>导航条示例</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>
<!--不用放到container-->
<!--nav标签-->
<nav class="navbar navbar-inverse navbar-static-top">
  <div class="container">
    <!-- Brand and toggle get grouped for better mobile display -->
    <div class="navbar-header">
      <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle collapsed" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#bs-example-navbar-collapse-1" aria-expanded="false">
        <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
        <span class="icon-bar"></span>
        <span class="icon-bar"></span>
        <span class="icon-bar"></span>
      </button>
      <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">Brand</a>
    </div>

    <!-- Collect the nav links, forms, and other content for toggling -->
    <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="bs-example-navbar-collapse-1">
      <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
        <li class="active"><a href="#">Link <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a></li>
        <li><a href="#">Link</a></li>
        <li class="dropdown">
          <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">Dropdown <span class="caret"></span></a>
          <ul class="dropdown-menu">
            <li><a href="#">Action</a></li>
            <li><a href="#">Another action</a></li>
            <li><a href="#">Something else here</a></li>
            <li role="separator" class="divider"></li>
            <li><a href="#">Separated link</a></li>
            <li role="separator" class="divider"></li>
            <li><a href="#">One more separated link</a></li>
          </ul>
        </li>
      </ul>

      <form class="navbar-form navbar-left">
        <div class="form-group">
          <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Search">
        </div>
        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">Submit</button>
      </form>


      <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">
        <li><a href="#">Link</a></li>
        <li class="dropdown">
          <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">Dropdown <span class="caret"></span></a>
          <ul class="dropdown-menu">
            <li><a href="#">Action</a></li>
            <li><a href="#">Another action</a></li>
            <li><a href="#">Something else here</a></li>
            <li role="separator" class="divider"></li>
            <li><a href="#">Separated link</a></li>
          </ul>
        </li>
      </ul>
    </div><!-- /.navbar-collapse -->
  </div><!-- /.container-fluid -->
</nav>

<div class="container" style="height: 1000px">
    ...
</div>
<script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/3.2.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="bootstrap-3.3.7/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
Bootstrap_导航条
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>巨幕示例</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>

<div class="container-fluid">
    <div class="jumbotron">
        <h1>Hello, world!</h1>
        <p>...</p>
        <p><a class="btn btn-primary btn-lg" href="#" role="button">Learn more</a></p>
    </div>
</div>


<div class="jumbotron">
  <h1>Hello, world!</h1>
  <p>...</p>
  <p><a class="btn btn-primary btn-lg" href="#" role="button">Learn more</a></p>
</div>
</body>
</html>
Bootstrap_巨幕
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>缩略图</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="bootstrap-3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-xs-6 col-md-3">
            <a href="#" class="thumbnail">
                <img src="../../十月/day1%20国庆作业/img/Bootstrap_i1.png" alt="...">
            </a>
        </div>
        <div class="col-xs-6 col-md-3">
            <a href="#" class="thumbnail">
                <img src="../../十月/day1%20国庆作业/img/Bootstrap_i2.png" alt="...">
            </a>
        </div>

        <div class="col-xs-6 col-md-3">
            <a href="#" class="thumbnail">
                <img src="../../十月/day1%20国庆作业/img/Bootstrap_i3.png" alt="...">
            </a>
        </div>
        <div class="col-xs-6 col-md-3">
            <a href="#" class="thumbnail">
                <img src="../../十月/day1%20国庆作业/img/Bootstrap_i4.png" alt="...">
            </a>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

<div class="alert alert-warning alert-dismissible" role="alert">
  <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close"><span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span></button>
  <strong>Warning!</strong> Better check yourself, you're not looking too good.
</div>

<script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/3.2.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="bootstrap-3.3.7/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
Bootstrap_缩略图

 4、模版的使用

1)起步

2)实例精选

3)选定模版,下载

先选择模版然后打开右键另存为

保存类型:网页,全部

下载后就可以用自己的环境中打开进行修改使用


三、JavaScript 插件的使用

有待更新!