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C# 操作Excel公式(一)——创建、读取公式

2018-10-12 14:41 本站整理 浏览(6)

对于数据量较大的表格,需要计算一些特殊数值时,我们通过运用公式能有效提高我们数据处理的速度和效率,对于后期数据的增删改查等的批量操作也很方便。此外,对于某些数值的信息来源,我们也可以通过读取数据中包含的公式来获取.下面的示例中将分享通过C# 来创建、读取Excel公式的方法。

 

 

工具使用

 

下载安装该类库后,注意在程序中添加引用Spire.Xls.dll(dll文件可在安装路径下的Bin文件夹中获取)


 

 

代码示例(供参考)

 

【示例1】创建Excel公式

C#

using Spire.Xls;

namespace CreateFormula
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            //新建一个工作簿,获取第一个工作表
            Workbook workbook = new Workbook();
            Worksheet sheet = workbook.Worksheets[0];

            //初始化currentRow、currentFormula
            int currentColumn = 1;
            int currentRow = 1;
            string currentFormula = string.Empty;

            //设置1、2列列宽
            sheet.SetColumnWidth(1, 20);
            sheet.SetColumnWidth(2, 12);

            //写入测试数据
            sheet.Range[currentColumn, 1].Value = "测试数据:";
            sheet.Range[currentColumn, 2].NumberValue = 10;
            sheet.Range[currentColumn, 3].NumberValue = 20; 
            sheet.Range[currentColumn, 4].NumberValue = 30;
            sheet.Range[currentColumn, 5].NumberValue = 40;
            sheet.Range[currentColumn, 6].NumberValue = 50;

            //写入文本并设置区域格式
            currentRow += 2;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 1].Value = "公式"; 
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Value = "结果";
            CellRange range = sheet.Range[currentRow, 1, currentRow, 2];
            range.Style.Font.IsBold = true;
            range.Style.KnownColor = ExcelColors.LightGreen1;
            range.Style.FillPattern = ExcelPatternType.Solid;
            range.Style.Borders[BordersLineType.EdgeBottom].LineStyle = LineStyleType.Medium;

            //算术运算
            currentFormula = "=1/2+3*4";
            sheet.Range[++currentRow, 1].Text = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Formula = currentFormula;

            //日期函数
            currentFormula = "=Today()";
            sheet.Range[++currentRow, 1].Text = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Formula = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Style.NumberFormat = "YYYY/MM/DD";

            //时间函数
            currentFormula = "=NOW()";
            sheet.Range[++currentRow, 1].Text = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Formula = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Style.NumberFormat = "H:MM AM/PM";

            //IF逻辑函数
            currentFormula = "=IF(B1=5,\"Yes\",\"No\")";
            sheet.Range[++currentRow, 1].Text = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Formula = currentFormula;

            //PI函数
            currentFormula = "=PI()";
            sheet.Range[++currentRow, 1].Text = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Formula = currentFormula;

            //三角函数
            currentFormula = "=SIN(PI()/6)";
            sheet.Range[++currentRow, 1].Text = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Formula = currentFormula;

            //计数函数
            currentFormula = "=Count(B1:F1)";
            sheet.Range[++currentRow, 1].Text = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Formula = currentFormula;

            //求最大值函数
            currentFormula = "=MAX(B1:F1)";
            sheet.Range[++currentRow, 1].Text = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Formula = currentFormula;

            //平均值函数
            currentFormula = "=AVERAGE(B1:F1)";
            sheet.Range[++currentRow, 1].Text = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Formula = currentFormula;

            //求和函数
            currentFormula = "=SUM(B1:F1)";
            sheet.Range[++currentRow, 1].Text = currentFormula;
            sheet.Range[currentRow, 2].Formula = currentFormula;

            //保存文档并打开
            workbook.SaveToFile("Excel公式.xlsx", FileFormat.Version2013);
            System.Diagnostics.Process.Start("Excel公式.xlsx");
        }
    }
}

 公式创建结果(如下图):

 


 

【示例2】读取Excel公式

 

C#

using Spire.Xls;
using System;

namespace ReadFormula
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            //实例化一个Workbook
            Workbook workbook = new Workbook();

            //加载测试文档
            workbook.LoadFromFile("test.xlsx");

            //获取第一个工作表
            Worksheet sheet = workbook.Worksheets[0];

            //遍历[B1:B13]的单元格
            foreach (var cell in sheet.Range["B1:B13"])
            {
                //判断是否含有公式
                if (cell.HasFormula)
                {
                    //输出含有公式的单元格及公式
                    string certainCell = String.Format("Cell[{0},{1}]", cell.Row, cell.Column);
                    Console.WriteLine(certainCell + " 含有公式: " + cell.Formula);
                }
            }
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}

 公式读取结果(如下图)

 


 

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